Nosebleed can occur spontaneously when the nasal membranes dry out or crack. It may be because the air is to dry, an effect of taking medication, a trauma or a blow or simply occur accidentally when having a regular nose picking.
First aid recommendation to take care of a nosebleed
- Sit upright. It is useful to reduce blood pressure in the veins of your nose and discourage further bleeding.
- Lean forward. It will help you avoid swallowing blood, which can irritate your stomach.
- Pinch your nose using your thumb and index finger to shut your nostril for five to ten minutes. Breathe through your mouth. Pinching sends pressure to the bleeding point on the nasal septum and often stops the floow of blood.
First aid herbal treatments to take care of a nosebleed
- Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica)
50—60g fresh cogon grass roots, washed and pulverized. Squeeze out the essence to a maximum 100cc. Drink the juice.
Alternatively, bring to boil 30g fresh cogon grass roots with 3 glasses water. Let the liquid reduce to 1 glass. Strain and drink.
- Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major)
3—5 whole plants, washed and pulverized. Place in a cup. Pour in 100cc hot water. When cool, strain and drink.
- Gotu kola (Centella asiatica)
60—90g fresh gotu kola leaves. Bring to boil in 3 glasses water. Wait until the liquid is reduced by a half. Drink 3 times a day.
- Betel (Piper betle)
1 betel leaf, preferably the young one. Wash and roll, then place in the nostril. It is acted as a plug. Carefully remove to prevent nosebleed off again.
- Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
The leaves encourage clotting, so it can be used fresh for nosebleed. Divide leaflets and place in the nostril to act as a plug.
Alternatively, make an infusion from 50g fresh yarrow. Place in a tea pot with a close-fitting lid. Pour in 500ml boiling water. Leave to infuse for up to 10 minutes. Strain through a sieve or strainer into a cup. Store the remainder in a jug, preferably in the fridge. When cool, soak a piece of cotton wool or soft cloth in the infusion and place on the soft part of the nose. Hold firmly in place.
If the bleeding lasts for more than 20 minutes seek medical care immediately.